The use of Robot-Assisted Therapy (RAT) in health-care interventions has increasingly received research attention. However, a lot of RAT studies are conducted under Wizard of Oz (WoZ) techniques in which the robots are teleoperated or preprogrammed. The trend of RAT is moving towards (partially) autonomous control in which the robot behavior control architecture plays a significant role in creating effective human-robot interaction by engaging and motivating human users into the therapeutic processes. This paper describes the state of the art of the autonomous behavior control architectures currently developed for social robots in health-care interventions, considering both clinical and exploratory studies. We also present certain requirements that an architecture used in RAT study should acquire, which provide roboticists and therapists an inspiration to orient their designs and implementations on the basis of their targeted RAT applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1750021
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal of Humanoid Robotics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

    Research areas

  • Social robot, behavior control architecture, healthcare, robot-assisted therapy

ID: 32081495