A tool called WetSpa-Urban was developed to respond to the need for precise runoffestimations in an increasingly urbanized world. WetSpa-Urban links the catchment model WetSpa-Python to the urban drainage model Storm Water Management Model (SWMM). WetSpa-Python is an open-source, fully distributed, process-based model that accurately represents surface hydrological processes but does not simulate hydraulic structures. SWMM is a well-known open-source hydrodynamic tool that calculates pipe flow processes in an accurate manner while runoffis calculated conceptually. Merging these tools along with certain modifications, such as improving the efficiency of surface runoffcalculation and simulating flow at the sub-catchment level, makesWetSpa-Urban suitable for event-based and continuous rainfall-runoffmodeling for urban areas. WetSpa-Urban was applied to the Watermaelbeek catchment in Brussels, Belgium, which recently experienced rapid urbanization. The model efficiency was evaluated using different statistical methods, such as Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency and model bias. In addition, a statistical investigation, independent of time, was performed by applying the box-cox transformation to the observed and simulated values of the flow peaks. By speeding up the simulation of the hydrological processes, the performance of the surface runoffcalculation increased by almost 130%. The evaluation of the simulated 10 minute flow versus the observed flow at the outlet of the catchment for 2015 reached a Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency of 0.86 and a bias equal to 0.06.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2460
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 23 Nov 2019

    Research areas

  • GIS, Hydrodynamic, Rainfall-runoff, Software, Urbanization

ID: 48825541