The use of ultrahigh pressures in combination with columns packed with 2.5 mu m microporous and supermacroporous (perfusive) stationary phase particles coated with nanobeads has been successfully explored in ion chromatography with online eluent generation and suppressed conductivity detection. Isocratic separations of inorganic anions and organic acids yielding reduced plate heights as low as 2.1 were achieved, corresponding to efficiencies up to 190000 plates/m, using an optimized system configuration with respect to injection parameters, considering volume and mass loadability, and extra-column dispersion. Viscous-heating effects have been assessed for PEEK-lined stainless steel columns operated at 70 MPa, and effects of thermal gradients on separation efficiency and retention are demonstrated. Whereas the PEEK-lined column hardware acts to some extent as an insulator, a 10% increase in plate number could be obtained when applying a still-air column oven configuration. In the forced-air mode, an increase in retention was observed for polyvalent ions. Finally, the kinetic performance limits of ultrahigh-pressure ion chromatography applying 2.5 mu m particle-packed columns operated at 70 MPa were compared to conventional ion-chromatography technology using columns packed with 4 mu m particles operated at a maximum pressure of 35 MPa. Downscaling the particle size and increasing the operating pressure led to a maximum time gain with a factor of 3.4, without compromising separation efficiency (N = 10000).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13824-13830
Number of pages6
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2019

    Research areas

  • Liquid chromatography, Eluent generation, water samples, high speed, performance, temperature, technology, efficiency

ID: 48742902