Research shows that HIV prevalence in transgender and non-binary persons is extremely high, with prevalence rates ranging up to 52.4% (Edwards et al., 2007). This high risk is associated with a number of (trans-specific) factors, such as stigma, discrimination, normative gender roles, involvement in sex work, a lack of knowledge about safe sex and an inaccurate perception of risk. This article critically reviews the last 10 years of research on transgender and non-binary persons and sexual risk from a feminist intersectional perspective that focuses on gender identity, class, ethnicity and other axes of difference that contribute to the high risk for HIV for (some) transgender and non-binary persons. There appears to be an interweaving of different factors in which the discrimination and stigmatisation of transgender and non-binary persons is central. The limitations and pitfalls of current research are pointed out, and suggestions for policy and further research are made.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-142
Number of pages22
JournalCritical Social Policy
Issue number1
Early online date2017
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

    Research areas

  • HIV, gender identity, gender perspective, intersectionality, sex work

ID: 35069339