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Tonal Synchrony: Harmonic Series and Pentatonic Series in Mother-Infant Vocalisations. / Van Puyvelde, Martine; Vanfleteren, Pol; Deschuyffeleer, Sara; Loots, Gerrit; Jacquet, Wolfgang.

BAPS Annual Meeting 2009. 2009. p. 39-39 (BAPS Annual Meeting 2009).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingMeeting abstract (Book)

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Van Puyvelde, M, Vanfleteren, P, Deschuyffeleer, S, Loots, G & Jacquet, W 2009, Tonal Synchrony: Harmonic Series and Pentatonic Series in Mother-Infant Vocalisations. in BAPS Annual Meeting 2009. BAPS Annual Meeting 2009, pp. 39-39, Finds and Results from the Swedish Cyprus Expedition: A Gender Perspective at the Medelhavsmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden, 21/09/09.

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BibTeX

@inbook{aae47bb789684f86abe5ae8b708e0cf8,
title = "Tonal Synchrony: Harmonic Series and Pentatonic Series in Mother-Infant Vocalisations",
abstract = "This presentation reports a study that is part of a longitudinal research project on mother-infant interaction during the first two years of life. 558 vocal exchanges between 15 mothers and their 3-month-old infants were tonally analysd in terms of harmonic series, pentatonic series and pitch imitations, and subsequently temporally analysed. Infant-directed Speech (ID Speech) is considered an important factor in the temporal synchronisation between mothers and infants. Although ID Speech is described for many years as communicative musicality, a profound musical analysis has not been done yet. Moreover, ID Speech has mostly been observed separated from the vocalisations of the infant. This study focuses on the relationship between the pitches of mother and infant. The analysis relied on a method of two professional musicians that trained themselves with the help of two frequency-analyze programs to an inter-rater reliability of 91,01 (Cohen's ?) with an extra controlling 12-member jury of professional musicians. Four hundred seventy interaction moments or almost 84{\%} contained clear tonal aspects that will be demonstrated during the workshop. Within these Tonal Interaction Moments (TIMs) 2 categories were distinguished: (a) TIMs based on harmonic series (71,06{\%}), (b) TIMs based on pentatonic series (28,94{\%}). These TIMs often contained absolute and/or relative pitch/interval matches. The distribution of the total duration of tonal synchronised interaction moments for a dyad (M=89,37s, SD = 33.93s on a total length of 4min50seconds free play session) showed a normally distributed pattern (n = 15, z = 0.468, p = 0.981). The average duration of a tonal interaction was 3.714s (M=3.71, SD=2.44) ranging from 0.713s to 13.257s. The percentage of the interactions situated in a range of 1-10s was 96,67. This corresponds with the temporal architecture of Stern's (2004) concept of {"}the Present Moment{"}.",
keywords = "Mother-infant interaction, Vocal interactions, Tonal synchrony, Communicative musicality, Infant-directed speech",
author = "{Van Puyvelde}, Martine and Pol Vanfleteren and Sara Deschuyffeleer and Gerrit Loots and Wolfgang Jacquet",
year = "2009",
month = "6",
day = "3",
language = "English",
series = "BAPS Annual Meeting 2009",
pages = "39--39",
booktitle = "BAPS Annual Meeting 2009",

}

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - Tonal Synchrony: Harmonic Series and Pentatonic Series in Mother-Infant Vocalisations

AU - Van Puyvelde, Martine

AU - Vanfleteren, Pol

AU - Deschuyffeleer, Sara

AU - Loots, Gerrit

AU - Jacquet, Wolfgang

PY - 2009/6/3

Y1 - 2009/6/3

N2 - This presentation reports a study that is part of a longitudinal research project on mother-infant interaction during the first two years of life. 558 vocal exchanges between 15 mothers and their 3-month-old infants were tonally analysd in terms of harmonic series, pentatonic series and pitch imitations, and subsequently temporally analysed. Infant-directed Speech (ID Speech) is considered an important factor in the temporal synchronisation between mothers and infants. Although ID Speech is described for many years as communicative musicality, a profound musical analysis has not been done yet. Moreover, ID Speech has mostly been observed separated from the vocalisations of the infant. This study focuses on the relationship between the pitches of mother and infant. The analysis relied on a method of two professional musicians that trained themselves with the help of two frequency-analyze programs to an inter-rater reliability of 91,01 (Cohen's ?) with an extra controlling 12-member jury of professional musicians. Four hundred seventy interaction moments or almost 84% contained clear tonal aspects that will be demonstrated during the workshop. Within these Tonal Interaction Moments (TIMs) 2 categories were distinguished: (a) TIMs based on harmonic series (71,06%), (b) TIMs based on pentatonic series (28,94%). These TIMs often contained absolute and/or relative pitch/interval matches. The distribution of the total duration of tonal synchronised interaction moments for a dyad (M=89,37s, SD = 33.93s on a total length of 4min50seconds free play session) showed a normally distributed pattern (n = 15, z = 0.468, p = 0.981). The average duration of a tonal interaction was 3.714s (M=3.71, SD=2.44) ranging from 0.713s to 13.257s. The percentage of the interactions situated in a range of 1-10s was 96,67. This corresponds with the temporal architecture of Stern's (2004) concept of "the Present Moment".

AB - This presentation reports a study that is part of a longitudinal research project on mother-infant interaction during the first two years of life. 558 vocal exchanges between 15 mothers and their 3-month-old infants were tonally analysd in terms of harmonic series, pentatonic series and pitch imitations, and subsequently temporally analysed. Infant-directed Speech (ID Speech) is considered an important factor in the temporal synchronisation between mothers and infants. Although ID Speech is described for many years as communicative musicality, a profound musical analysis has not been done yet. Moreover, ID Speech has mostly been observed separated from the vocalisations of the infant. This study focuses on the relationship between the pitches of mother and infant. The analysis relied on a method of two professional musicians that trained themselves with the help of two frequency-analyze programs to an inter-rater reliability of 91,01 (Cohen's ?) with an extra controlling 12-member jury of professional musicians. Four hundred seventy interaction moments or almost 84% contained clear tonal aspects that will be demonstrated during the workshop. Within these Tonal Interaction Moments (TIMs) 2 categories were distinguished: (a) TIMs based on harmonic series (71,06%), (b) TIMs based on pentatonic series (28,94%). These TIMs often contained absolute and/or relative pitch/interval matches. The distribution of the total duration of tonal synchronised interaction moments for a dyad (M=89,37s, SD = 33.93s on a total length of 4min50seconds free play session) showed a normally distributed pattern (n = 15, z = 0.468, p = 0.981). The average duration of a tonal interaction was 3.714s (M=3.71, SD=2.44) ranging from 0.713s to 13.257s. The percentage of the interactions situated in a range of 1-10s was 96,67. This corresponds with the temporal architecture of Stern's (2004) concept of "the Present Moment".

KW - Mother-infant interaction

KW - Vocal interactions

KW - Tonal synchrony

KW - Communicative musicality

KW - Infant-directed speech

M3 - Meeting abstract (Book)

T3 - BAPS Annual Meeting 2009

SP - 39

EP - 39

BT - BAPS Annual Meeting 2009

ER -

ID: 1884841