This article analyses the strategies of the directors of the Ostend Company (GIC) between 1727 and 1745, after its charter was retracted. Partly by circumventing prohibitions, for instance via Cádiz, and partly by investing in new companies such as the Swedish East India Company, the GIC threatened the role of the established Dutch and English monopolistic companies. These initiatives have been noted by historians, but never analysed in a coherent way that connects the activities of the Ostenders in Europe, India and China. This article aims to do so and show the endurance of the business model of the GIC during the eighteenth century.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-287
Number of pages13
JournalMariner's Mirror
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jul 2019

    Research areas

  • Ostend Company, Cádiz, Bengal, Canton, Tea, Smuggling

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