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@article{04e631dd36e142faa6818ee5a6887e42,
title = "Semi-open list formation in Flemish municipalities with gender quotas as (non-)binding constraints.",
abstract = "In semi-open list systems, parties present pre-selected pools of candidates to the electorate. Candidates’ assigned ranks on the party lists heavily influence their election odds and may reflect party leaders’ preferences, notably a possible gender bias. To strengthen female representation, parties' choices are increasingly subject to legal quotas. These quotas are expected to be less binding for left-wing parties, which tend to be more women-friendly. Analyzing 854 party lists presented to Flemish voters in the 2012 local elections, we find that right-wing party leadership discriminate in favor of female candidates by offering them higher positions in the party lists. For leftist parties, we observe discrimination in favor of men, not women. Importantly, parties offering higher positions to women tend to do so in parts of the party list certain to lead to either election (left-wing parties) or non-election (right-wing parties). For positions with critical election-odds, no gender bias is identified.",
keywords = "Legal quota, Female representation, Local elections, Flanders, Preferential voting",
author = "Bruno Heyndels and Kuehnhanss, {Colin Raico}",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
language = "English",
journal = "Feminist Economics",
issn = "1354-5701",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Semi-open list formation in Flemish municipalities with gender quotas as (non-)binding constraints.

AU - Heyndels, Bruno

AU - Kuehnhanss, Colin Raico

PY - 2020/1

Y1 - 2020/1

N2 - In semi-open list systems, parties present pre-selected pools of candidates to the electorate. Candidates’ assigned ranks on the party lists heavily influence their election odds and may reflect party leaders’ preferences, notably a possible gender bias. To strengthen female representation, parties' choices are increasingly subject to legal quotas. These quotas are expected to be less binding for left-wing parties, which tend to be more women-friendly. Analyzing 854 party lists presented to Flemish voters in the 2012 local elections, we find that right-wing party leadership discriminate in favor of female candidates by offering them higher positions in the party lists. For leftist parties, we observe discrimination in favor of men, not women. Importantly, parties offering higher positions to women tend to do so in parts of the party list certain to lead to either election (left-wing parties) or non-election (right-wing parties). For positions with critical election-odds, no gender bias is identified.

AB - In semi-open list systems, parties present pre-selected pools of candidates to the electorate. Candidates’ assigned ranks on the party lists heavily influence their election odds and may reflect party leaders’ preferences, notably a possible gender bias. To strengthen female representation, parties' choices are increasingly subject to legal quotas. These quotas are expected to be less binding for left-wing parties, which tend to be more women-friendly. Analyzing 854 party lists presented to Flemish voters in the 2012 local elections, we find that right-wing party leadership discriminate in favor of female candidates by offering them higher positions in the party lists. For leftist parties, we observe discrimination in favor of men, not women. Importantly, parties offering higher positions to women tend to do so in parts of the party list certain to lead to either election (left-wing parties) or non-election (right-wing parties). For positions with critical election-odds, no gender bias is identified.

KW - Legal quota

KW - Female representation

KW - Local elections

KW - Flanders

KW - Preferential voting

M3 - Article

JO - Feminist Economics

JF - Feminist Economics

SN - 1354-5701

ER -

ID: 45661221