• Huan Cui
  • Alan J. Kaufman
  • Haibo Zou
  • Fayek H. Kattan
  • Peter Trusler
  • Jeff Smith
  • Andrey Yu Ivantsov
  • Thomas H. Rich
  • Ashraf Al Qubsani
  • Abdullah Yazedi
  • Xiao-Ming Liu
  • Peter Johnson
  • Steven Goderis
  • Philippe Claeys
  • Patricia Vickers-Rich
Secular variation of 87Sr/86Sr in carbonate strata has been widely used in regional and global chemostratigraphic correlations. Typically, diagenesis results in higher 87Sr/86Sr signals relative to their primary composition due to the alteration by Rb-rich fluids and the radiogenic decay of 87Rb to 87Sr. Surprisingly, the 87Sr/86Sr values in the Ediacaran limestones from Saudi Arabia (from 0.7029 to 0.7059) are significantly lower than the typical Ediacaran seawater values (mostly from 0.7080 to 0.7090) based on a global compilation. Understanding the origin of these anomalies is important insofar as early macrofossils are preserved in these strata. Two hypotheses have been independently evaluated in this study. The first hypothesis shows a low temperature scenario with isolated oceans or lakes in proximity to a mafic source. The second hypothesis was characterized by a high temperature scenario with profound overprints by juvenile hydrothermal fluids. Integrated Sr and Nd isotope data reveal that the 87Sr/86Sr anomalies are closely coupled with positive εNd(t=560Ma) values (up to +4.1). Based on multiple lines of petrographic, field, and geochemical evidence, the second hypothesis is preferred in this study. We argue that the concept that the Ediacaran biotic radiation took place in an isolated lake environment should be treated with caution. These remarkably low 87Sr/86Sr signals have neither temporal nor biogeochemical significance. Sr isotope chemostratigraphy in this particular region may not be a reliable tool for stratigraphic correlations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105720
JournalPrecambrian Research
Volume343
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

    Research areas

  • strontium isotope, neodymium isotope, Ediacaran, early macroorganisms, hydrothermal alteration

ID: 51099694