We introduce the concept of scale into the derivation of information, through the device of a model hierarchy. This leads to a comparison of information with both Ivan Havel's perspectives of reality and Charles Peirce's semiotics. We conclude that the most valid formulation of information is always subjective, and that it depends in the first instance on precognitive processing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229–242
Number of pages14
JournalThe European Physical Journal Special Topics
Volume226
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2017

ID: 32055963