Ethnopharmacological relevance: Haplophyllum tuberculatum is used in traditional medicine to treat many disorders including inflammation and pain. The aim of this study is to investigate the organic extracts from H. tuberculatum leaves against inflammation, gastric ulcer and pain. Materials and methods: Acute toxicity was studied in vivo to determine the toxic doses of the organic extracts. Anti-inflammatory activity was also evaluated in vivo using carrageenan-induced paw edema in Wistar rats. Gastroprotective activity was tested using the HCl/ethanol-induced gastric ulcer test in rats. Peripheral and central analgesic activities were assessed using the acetic acid-induced writhing test and the hot-plate method, respectively. The chemical composition of the fatty acids in the petroleum ether (PE) extract was determined with GC-MS.
Results: At 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg PE extract was the most active against inflammation. Percentages inhibition 5 h after carrageenan-injection were 51.12; 86.71% and 96.92%, respectively. The same extract at 100 mg/kg
showed good analgesic activities using the acetic acid-induced writhing test and the hot-plate method. The chloroform, ethyl acetate (EtOAc) and butanolic (n-BuOH) extracts exhibited strong anti-inflammatory, gastroprotective and analgesic activities at 100 mg/kg. The GC-FID analysis revealed that the PE extract was rich in γ-linolenic acid (45.50%) followed by palmitic acid (18.48%), linoleic acid (10.73%), erucic acid (4.72), stearic acid (3.96%) and oleic acid (2.57%).
Conclusion: The results of the present study support the traditional use of the leaves of H. tuberculatum and may possibly serve as prospective material for further development of safe new phytochemical anti-inflammatory, gastroprotective and/or analgesic agents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-103
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Ethnopharmacology
Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2018

    Research areas

  • Fatty acids, Haplophyllum tuberculatum, Organic extracts, Pharmacological activities

ID: 36297865