Freight transport is expected to increase, and the negative effects which it is generating will increase along if business as usual is kept. Shifting freight flows to the off-hours is considered as one promising solution to cope with the congestion and emissions issues. Until now research on off-hours deliveries focusses on micro scale cases or trials, and does not consider macro level practice. In this research the impact of off-hours deliveries to the supermarkets in Wallonia are calculated and analyzed via an agent-based freight transport model. The model is developed for Belgium and considers vehicle-, time- and space-dependent parameters in order to enable in-depth external cost calculations. Results show that external costs are the highest for scenario’s excluding off-hours deliveries. Especially congestion is identified as important factor. Best performance in terms of externals cost savings are obtained when off-hours deliveries can be performed, as additional costs generated by the noise nuisance are largely compensated by the cost savings of congestion and emissions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the BIVEC-GIBET Transport Research Days 2017: Towards an autonomous and interconnected transport future
EditorsMario Cools, Sabine Limbourg
Place of PublicationLiège
Pages388-396
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventProceedings of the BIVEC-GIBET Transport Research Days 2017: Towards an autonomous and interconnected transport future - Liège, Belgium
Duration: 18 May 201719 May 2017

Conference

ConferenceProceedings of the BIVEC-GIBET Transport Research Days 2017
CountryBelgium
Period18/05/1719/05/17

ID: 32006123