BACKGROUND: Although non-suicidal self-injury (nssi) is a serious health concern among prisoners worldwide, no empirical data on this issue are currently available specifically for Belgium. AIM: To investigate the prevalence rates of, and risk factors for, nssi in Flemish prisons. METHOD: A cross-sectional study based on a representative sample of 1326 prisoners (1203 men and 123 women), randomly selected from 15 Flemish prisons. RESULTS: Overall, 17.3% of prisoners self-reported a lifetime history of nssi. One in 12 prisoners (8.6%) engaged in nssi whilst incarcerated; this was significantly associated with both static (younger age, sentenced status, and violent offending) and dynamic (psychiatric disorders, distress, and coping strategies) risk factors. CONCLUSION: The extent of NSSI among prisoners in Flanders is considerable. The identified risk factors present important targets for prevention and intervention in a custodial setting.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)808-816
Number of pages9
JournalTijdschrift voor Psychiatrie
Volume60
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

    Research areas

  • Incarceration, Inmatei, Non-suicidal self-injury, Self-harm

ID: 49025855