As Lou Sander so well recognized, human infants are evolutionarily endowed with emotional minds that allow them to experience themselves as affectively vibrant creatures, who seek to be recognized important “players” in the world through shared “affective moments”. If acknowledged and cherished by others, they experience themselves as positive individuals; if merely treated as unconscious “survival machines” whose affects do not matter in the long-term construction of their minds, potential paths toward adult unhappiness are paved. It is surely no different in other mammals, and as we will see, the neuroscience of affective processes has been substantively advancing through the use of animal models where the needed detailed experimental work can be conducted, and critical neural networks and neuro-epigenetic brain changes are being documented that provide neuroscientific foundations for the insights advanced by Lou and his many colleagues.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPsychoanalytic Inquiry
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019

    Research areas

  • affect emotion emotion regulation psychotherapy

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