Lightweight bistable deployable structures can be designed to be transportable and reusable. They instantaneously achieve some structural stability when transformed from the compact to the deployed state through a controlled snapthrough, as a result of intended geometric incompatibilities between the beams. Due to their transformable bistable nature their design requires assessing both their non-linear transformation behaviour, as well as their service state in the deployed configuration. The requirement of a low peak force during transformation can be shown to oppose the high stiffness requirement in the deployed state; their design can therefore be formulated as a multi-objective nonlinear optimisation problem. In this contribution, a size and shape optimisation method is elaborated by choosing the best material combinations, the optimal geometry of the structure and beam cross-sections. The originality of this contribution is the use of a multi-objective evolutionary algorithm to structurally optimise bistable scissor structures taking into account the deployed state as well as the transformation phase. First, the method is applied to optimise a single bistable scissor module. Next, a multi-module bistable scissor structure is optimised and the single module and full structure based approaches are critically compared.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAutomation in Construction
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

    Research areas

  • structural engineering, non-linear computational mechanics, deployable structures, scissor structures, bistable structures, multi-objective optimisation, evolutionary algorithms

ID: 49739787