Electrified powertrains/propulsion systems have gained a significant interest in transport industry to develop energy-efficient vehicular systems. In these powertrains, rechargeable energy storage systems (such as High Energy Batteries, Electrochemical Double-Layer Capacitors or High Power Batteries), electric motors, energy management strategies and advanced power electronics converters play an important role in the development of new generations of clean vehicles. Therefore, this paper proposes new drivetrain architectures for Straddle Truck Carriers, as one of off-highway vehicles, which are used in harbors to move containers, in order to improve the Straddle Truck Carriers drivetrain efficiency and to reduce the greenhouse emissions as well as the energy bills. The proposed drivetrains are: (1) series hybrid Straddle Truck Carrier based on a small rechargeable energy storage system (option A), (2) series hybrid based on a reduced internal combustion engine (option B), (3) full electric drivetrain, and (4) new full electric drivetrain based on dynamic wireless-power transfer system.
In this paper, an accurate quasi-static model of the conventional Straddle Truck Carrier drivetrain is developed and described in detail. Then, the proposed drivetrain architectures are designed and modeled using Matlab/Simulink. This article also presents the optimal design of rechargeable energy storage systems that can be utilized in those drivetrains. Based on the rechargeable energy storage system type, a thorough comparative study of new Straddle Truck Carrier drivetrains is described in detail. Finally, the developed model and simulation results have been validated with real measurements of the drivetrain.
Original languageEnglish
Article number109
Pages (from-to)1056-1074
Number of pages19
JournalEnergy
Volume109
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016

    Research areas

  • Off-highway Vehicles, Conventional Straddle Truck Carrier (CSTC), Energy Storage Systems, Drivetrain Modeling and Sizing, Power Flow Control Strategy

ID: 24864438