The e-commerce sector in Belgium grew by 13% last year, and further growth is expected. That translates itself in a high number of related transport activities. The last mile segment of an e-commerce supply chain is characterized by its fragmentation, while it copes with the issues of free deliveries, next day deliveries, failed deliveries and (free) retours. The impact on the economy, environment and society is problematic. From the operators perspective, their logistic activities are confronted with rising congestion levels, client requirements and preferences, a limited willingness to pay and intervening governments (road pricing, pedestrian zones, low emission zones, time windows, etc.). When introducing an online platform, assembling different brands and businesses like a regular shopping street, one needs to take into account these factors for drawing the implemented logistic network.
This research presents eight different network configurations for such a new platform. Each configuration consists of a different share of homedeliveries, different collection points, use of regional versus dedicated centralized distribution center and different transport vehicles. The configurations are analyzed and compared in terms of their transport performance (vkm, time losses), CO2 emissions, noise nuisance, air pollution and external costs for accidents and infrastructure. The calculations are performed with the agent-based freight transport model TRABAM. The time perspective is 2023 – assuming that the platform is operating for five years.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 8 Mar 2018
EventNECTAR Cluster 3 : The future of transport - Venice, Italy
Duration: 7 Mar 20189 Mar 2018


ConferenceNECTAR Cluster 3 : The future of transport

ID: 36718354