An intimate knowledge of joining techniques is crucial for the documentation and restau-ration of old timber structures, yet these assemblies are often overlooked in historical studies or during on-site assessment. To help bridge this gap, this paper provides an overview of the joining techniques used in Belgian timber roof structures during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Based on the author's on-site observations of over 50 roofs, four types of joint are described and analysed: (1) timber-to-timber joints, (2) nailed and bolted layers of timbers, (3) iron straps, stirrups and plates, and (4) connections between timber and iron members. Thus, this study intends to help researchers and heritage specialists to better interpret connection details during investigations of nineteenth-and early twentieth-century timber roofs.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBuilding Knowledge, Constructing Histories
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 6th International Congress on Construction History
EditorsIne Wouters, Stephanie Van de Voorde, Inge Bertels
PublisherCRC Press. Taylor and Francis Group
ISBN (Print)9780429822537
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event6th International Congress on Construction history - Palais des Académies, Brussels, Belgium
Duration: 9 Jul 201813 Jul 2018


Conference6th International Congress on Construction history
Abbreviated title6ICCH
Internet address

ID: 40522120