An ALE meta-analysis focused on the serial reaction time task published in NeuroImage (Janacsek et al., 2019) demonstrated consistent activation of the basal ganglia across neuroimaging studies featuring sequence ​> ​random block contrasts and no consistent cerebellar activation. To enable valid conclusions regarding the role of the cerebellum in this context, some of the included studies should be excluded (e.g., because the cerebellum was explicitly not scanned). After omitting 6 of 16 studies/subject groups, 70% of the remaining studies did report cerebellar activation. While an ALE analysis of the remaining contrasts confirmed the original results, it may lack the power to detect cerebellar effects. We argue the conclusion that the cerebellum is not involved in sequence-specific learning should be treated with caution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117114
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Jun 2020

ID: 52711574