Dental resin systems have been in use for several decades. (Meth)acrylic monomers are an important part of the matrix system and are either based on BPA while others lack the BPA core. The degree of conversion during restoration is in general between 50-70 % allowing leaching from unreacted monomers to the oral cavity where they can be taken up through the pulp or gastrointestinal tract after ingestion with subsequent hepatic metabolism. This study identified the in vitro Phase I and Phase II metabolism of the dental resin monomers BisGMA, UDMA, BisPMA and TCD-DI-HEA, using human liver microsomes (HLM) and human liver cytosols. During Phase I incubation with HLM, the (meth)acrylic acid in the monomers was rapidly removed followed by oxidative and hydroxylation pathways. For BisPMA an O-dealkylation pathway occurred resulting in the formation of BPA. The carbamates present in TCD-DI-HEA and UDMA were resistant to biotransformation reactions. Phase II biotransformation products were only observed for BisPMA and included conjugation reactions with sulphate and glucuronic acid. In total 4, 3, 12 and 3 biotransformation products were identified in this study for BisGMA, UDMA, BisPMA and TCD-DI-HEA respectively. Possible human health effects of these biotransformation products remain unclear due to limited data availability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalToxicology
Volume420
Early online date2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

ID: 45467844