• Arne Peys
  • Alexios P. Douvalis
  • Vincent Hallet
  • Hubert Rahier
  • Bart Blanpain
  • Yiannis Pontikes

Belonging to the family of alternative cementitious materials, inorganic polymers are rising in importance because of the drive to decrease CO 2 emissions of concrete production. A synthetic Fe-rich slag resembling industrial copper or lead slags, was mixed with a sodium silicate activating solution. 57Fe Mössbauer spectra analyses indicate that the oxidation reactions are taking place simultaneously with the polymerization reactions. The slag contains Fe 2+ states and a small amount of Fe 3+. During polymerization a new octahedral Fe 2+ state is formed, while oxidation is manifested through the appearance of an additional Fe 3+ state. The reactions continue after setting, lowering the relative contributions of the slag in the Mössbauer and FTIR spectra of the samples. The Na +/Fe 3+ molar ratio in the mixture that makes up the binder after 28 days is ~1, suggesting the participation of tetrahedral Fe 3+ in the silicate framework, charge balanced by Na +.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalFrontiers in Materials
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2019

    Research areas

  • alkali activated materials, geopolymers, Fe-57 Mossbauer spectroscopy, non-ferrous slag, ex-situ kinetics, FTIR spectroscopy

ID: 48016414