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I Am So Tired… How Fatigue May Exacerbate Stress Reactions to Psychological Contract Breach. / Achnak, Safâa; Griep, Yannick; Vantilborgh, Tim.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 9, No. MAR, 231, 06.03.2018, p. 1-15.

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@article{10b8726d5b004a9bb5511759dc5393ba,
title = "I Am So Tired… How Fatigue May Exacerbate Stress Reactions to Psychological Contract Breach",
abstract = "Abstract: Previous research showed that perceptions of psychological contract (PC) breach have undesirable individual and organizational consequences. Surprisingly, the PC literature has paid little to no attention to the relationship between PC breach perceptions and stress. A better understanding of how PC breach may elicit stress seems crucial, given that stress plays a key role in employees’ physical and mental wellbeing. Based on Conservation of Resources Theory, we suggest that PC breach perceptions represent a perceived loss of valued resources, subsequently leading employees to experience higher stress levels resulting from emerging negative emotions. Moreover, we suggest that this mediated relationship is moderated by initial levels of fatigue, due to fatigue lowering the personal resources necessary to cope with breach events. To tests our hypotheses, we analyzed the multilevel data we obtained from two experience sampling designs (Study 1: 51 Belgian employees; Study 2: 53 US employees). Note that the unit of analysis is ‘observations’ rather than ‘respondents’, resulting in an effective sample size of 417 (Study 1) and 374 (Study 2) observations. In both studies, we found evidence for the mediating role of negative emotions in the PC breach—stress relationship. In the second study, we also found evidence for the moderating role of fatigue in the mediated PC breach—stress relationship. Implications for research and practice are discussed.",
keywords = "Fatigue, Moderated mediation, Negative emotions, Psychological contract breach, Stress",
author = "Saf{\^a}a Achnak and Yannick Griep and Tim Vantilborgh",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "6",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00231",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "1--15",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychology",
issn = "1664-1078",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A.",
number = "MAR",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - I Am So Tired… How Fatigue May Exacerbate Stress Reactions to Psychological Contract Breach

AU - Achnak, Safâa

AU - Griep, Yannick

AU - Vantilborgh, Tim

PY - 2018/3/6

Y1 - 2018/3/6

N2 - Abstract: Previous research showed that perceptions of psychological contract (PC) breach have undesirable individual and organizational consequences. Surprisingly, the PC literature has paid little to no attention to the relationship between PC breach perceptions and stress. A better understanding of how PC breach may elicit stress seems crucial, given that stress plays a key role in employees’ physical and mental wellbeing. Based on Conservation of Resources Theory, we suggest that PC breach perceptions represent a perceived loss of valued resources, subsequently leading employees to experience higher stress levels resulting from emerging negative emotions. Moreover, we suggest that this mediated relationship is moderated by initial levels of fatigue, due to fatigue lowering the personal resources necessary to cope with breach events. To tests our hypotheses, we analyzed the multilevel data we obtained from two experience sampling designs (Study 1: 51 Belgian employees; Study 2: 53 US employees). Note that the unit of analysis is ‘observations’ rather than ‘respondents’, resulting in an effective sample size of 417 (Study 1) and 374 (Study 2) observations. In both studies, we found evidence for the mediating role of negative emotions in the PC breach—stress relationship. In the second study, we also found evidence for the moderating role of fatigue in the mediated PC breach—stress relationship. Implications for research and practice are discussed.

AB - Abstract: Previous research showed that perceptions of psychological contract (PC) breach have undesirable individual and organizational consequences. Surprisingly, the PC literature has paid little to no attention to the relationship between PC breach perceptions and stress. A better understanding of how PC breach may elicit stress seems crucial, given that stress plays a key role in employees’ physical and mental wellbeing. Based on Conservation of Resources Theory, we suggest that PC breach perceptions represent a perceived loss of valued resources, subsequently leading employees to experience higher stress levels resulting from emerging negative emotions. Moreover, we suggest that this mediated relationship is moderated by initial levels of fatigue, due to fatigue lowering the personal resources necessary to cope with breach events. To tests our hypotheses, we analyzed the multilevel data we obtained from two experience sampling designs (Study 1: 51 Belgian employees; Study 2: 53 US employees). Note that the unit of analysis is ‘observations’ rather than ‘respondents’, resulting in an effective sample size of 417 (Study 1) and 374 (Study 2) observations. In both studies, we found evidence for the mediating role of negative emotions in the PC breach—stress relationship. In the second study, we also found evidence for the moderating role of fatigue in the mediated PC breach—stress relationship. Implications for research and practice are discussed.

KW - Fatigue

KW - Moderated mediation

KW - Negative emotions

KW - Psychological contract breach

KW - Stress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042856735&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00231

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00231

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 1

EP - 15

JO - Frontiers in Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

IS - MAR

M1 - 231

ER -

ID: 36651790