DOI

OBJECTIVE:

To study the ability of human spermatogonial stem cells (hSSCs) to proliferate in vitro under mouse spermatogonial stem cell (mSSC) culture conditions.

DESIGN:

Experimental basic science study.

SETTING:

Reproductive biology laboratory.

PATIENT(S):

Cryopreserved testicular tissue with normal spermatogenesis obtained from three donors subjected to orchiectomy due to a prostate cancer treatment.

INTERVENTION(S):

Testicular cells used to create in vitro cell cultures corresponding to the following groups: [1] unsorted human testicular cells, [2] differentially plated human testicular cells, and [3] cells enriched with major histocompatibility complex class 1 (HLA-)/epithelial cell surface antigen (EPCAM+) in coculture with inactivated testicular feeders from the same patient.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Analyses and characterization including immunocytochemistry and quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction for somatic and germ cell markers, testosterone and inhibin B quantification, and TUNEL assay.

RESULT(S):

Putative hSSCs appeared in singlets, doublets, or small groups of up to four cells in vitro only when testicular cells were cultured in StemPro-34 medium supplemented with glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and epidermal growth factor (EGF). Fluorescence-activated cell sorting with HLA-/EPCAM+ resulted in an enrichment of 27% VASA+/UTF1+ hSSCs, compared to 13% in unsorted controls. Coculture of sorted cells with inactivated testicular feeders gave rise to an average density of 112 hSSCs/cm2 after 2 weeks in vitro compared with unsorted cells (61 hSSCs/cm2) and differentially plated cells (49 hSSCS/cm2). However, putative hSSCs rarely stained positive for the proliferation marker Ki67, and their presence was reduced to the point of almost disappearing after 4 weeks in vitro.

CONCLUSION(S):

We found that hSSCs show limited proliferation in vitro under mSSC culture conditions. Coculture of HLA-/EPCAM+ sorted cells with testicular feeders improved the germ cell/somatic cell ratio.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1539-1549
Number of pages11
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume106
Issue number6
Early online date1 Aug 2016
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Nov 2016

ID: 25622814