This paper analyses how the total cost of ownership (TCO) of electric light commercial
vehicles change with the number of kilometers driven, the period of ownership, the residual value
of the battery, and dierent fiscal incentives, as well as a kilometer charging scheme. This paper
demonstrates that a kilometer-based charge and reduced fiscal incentives for conventional vans can
drastically improve the TCO of electric commercial light duty vehicles. Second life applications for
batteries could also have a strong impact on the TCO of electric vans as they could retrieve a better
residual value. Finally, the paper shows that the TCO of electric vans can be optimized based on its
usage. These are important findings given the ambitious objective of carbon free city logistics by 2030.
Adoption of electric vans remains very low and this paper oers an up to date analysis to stimulate
the electrification of light commercial vehicles, a segment that is growing fast in city logistics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalWorld Electric Vehicle Journal
Issue number90
Publication statusPublished - 13 Dec 2019

    Research areas

  • Electric vehicles, Light commercial Vehicle, Total Cost of Ownership (TCO)

ID: 49045921