The use of high-dose spinal cord stimulation (HD-SCS) has increased drastically during the past few years, with positive results. However, there remains a deficit of real-world data of the effectiveness of HD-SCS. Therefore, the primary aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of HD-SCS in patients with failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS). The second aim was to develop a prediction model for a holistic responder. One hundred ninety-four patients were recruited to a multicenter real-world registry. Self-reporting outcome variables were evaluated at baseline (before SCS) and at 1, 3, and 12 months of HD-SCS implant. Outcome measures were the mean pain intensity over time, sleep quality, disability, health-related quality of life, and medication use. Besides the effectiveness, logistic regression and decision tree analysis were performed to define a holistic responder (pain intensity reduction, medication reduction, Oswestry disability index reduction, and EQ5D improvement) after 12 months of HD-SCS. Of 185 FBSS patients who underwent a baseline visit, 75.13% had a successful HD trial. At 12 months, 92 patients were still receiving HD-SCS. Both low back and leg pain significantly decreased at 12 months. All outcome measures revealed a significant time-dependent effect from baseline to 12 months. Holistic responders could be predicted with a sensitivity and specificity of 90%. Clinically significant and sustained pain relief over a period of 12 months was achieved with HD-SCS in patients with FBSS. In addition, HD-SCS also achieved an improvement in sleep quality, functionality, and a decrease in pain medication.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPain
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Sep 2020

    Research areas

  • High-dose spinal cord stimulation, patients, failed back surgery syndrome, study

ID: 54039894