INTRODUCTION:Evaluating the effectiveness of a lower-limb prosthetic device (LLPD) during daily activities is a crucial step in the iterative process of redesigning and product development of new generation prostheses. To date, several different experimental protocols have been applied to evaluate a LLPD in laboratory and field conditions, which causes study heterogeneity. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to formulate guidelines and recommendations in order to standardize the experimental methodology regarding the evaluation of a LLPD. METHODS: Two databases, PubMed and Web of Science, were screened and studies published between 1997 and 2019 evaluating a LLPD were included. RESULTS: Thirty-six articles were included. We identified forty-four outcome measures in four main categories: 54% were biomechanical, 25% physiological, 14% physical performance and 7% psychological. Seven eligible tests were identified: the two- and six-minute walk test (80%), slope walking (14%), stair climbing (8%), dual tasks (6%), timed up & go (3%) and balance tests (3%). CONCLUSION: The main recommendation is to include functional tasks in a case-controlled (early stage) or crossover counterbalanced matched group study design (later stage). Biomechanical, physiological, physical performance and psychological outcome measures are key factors to investigate the human response to a LLPD in order to standardize experimental protocols.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBook of Abstracts 24th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science
Place of PublicationPrague
PublisherEuropean College of Sport Science
Number of pages1
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-9818414-2-8
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jul 2019
EventECSS 2019 - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 3 Jul 20197 Jul 2019


ConferenceECSS 2019
CountryCzech Republic

ID: 46253907