PURPOSE: To assess normal distribution of fluid in the tendon sheaths of the ankle.

METHODS: 21 healthy volunteers were evaluated. Bilateral ankle MRI was performed on a 3T unit with PD-weighted images with fat saturation. The images were interpreted by two radiologists separately, and the short-axis dimension of fluid amount was measured. Bland-Altman plots and correlation plots were used to assess consistency between readers.

RESULTS: There were 13 men and 8 women. The mean age was 24.7 years. Fluid in the retromalleolar part of the peroneus longus was seen in three ankles of three volunteers and in the inframalleolar part in three ankles of three volunteers. Fluid in the retromalleolar part of the peroneus brevis was seen in four ankles of three volunteers and in the inframalleolar part in three ankles of two volunteers. Fluid in the retromalleolar part of the tibialis posterior was seen in 37 ankles of 20 volunteers and in the inframalleolar part in 38 ankles of 21 volunteers Fluid in the retromalleolar part of the flexor digitorum was seen in 14 ankles of eight volunteers and in the inframalleolar part in 11 ankles of eight volunteers Fluid in the retromalleolar part of the flexor hallucis longus was seen in 23 ankles of 16 volunteers and in the inframalleolar part in 17 ankles of 11 volunteers.

CONCLUSION: Fluid is common in the retro- and inframalleolar parts of the medial tendons. Fluid is virtually absent in the peroneal tendons and anterior tendon sheaths in normal volunteers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1445-1449
Number of pages5
JournalSurgical and Radiologic Anatomy
Volume41
Issue number12
Early online date2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

    Research areas

  • Ankle, Ankle joint, Tendon ankle

ID: 47895989