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In this paper, we propose a novel mixer fabrication process using low-cost materials and fast prototyping applied to microchannels actuation. Lab-on-a-chip applications intend to bring all conventional instrumentation to a few square centimeters device. In this sense, the integration of active micropumps, micromixers and valves are currently the major challenges. The active mixer was fabricated over conventional microfluidic devices techniques, using polydimethylsiloxane (PMDS) membrane thin-film and NdFeB magnet, and its characterization was done by gradient color analysis.
Several articles reported fast and controlled mixing of fluids in microchannels . The active mixers devices are based on disturbance induced by external fields, because flows in microchannels have Reynolds numbers far below the critical Reynolds number, transversal disturbance is needed for making the interface between the two mixed phases to become unstable for enhancement of mass diffusivity [4]. Our actuator causes a pressure-driven disturbance through electromagnetic physical effect.
The device consists of two functional layers both fabricated with PMDS. The upper PDMS layer provides a compliant membrane with an NdFeB permanent magnet attached for actuation, while the lower PDMS layer incorporates the microchannels and the mix chamber (Fig. 1). Evaluation of the prototype, shown in Fig. 2, has been performed by studying the dependence of its mixing efficiency on the driving frequency of magnetic actuation. A system with injection of different kinds of colored fluids by syringe pump and a camera attached to an optical microscope was used for the process characterization. Experimental results show that this actuator is capable of mix fluids enhancement changing the flow regime (from laminar to turbulent) and the mass diffusivity line (Fig. 3) by controlling the two key parameters for hydrodynamic instability in active micromixers: the magnitude and the frequency of the disturbance. Results demonstrated the potential of applications of this mixer for a wide range of integrated lab-on-a-chip systems.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFabrication and Evaluation of an Active Electromagnetic Mixer for Lab-on-a-Chip Applications
PagesP12-02
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventTHE 61ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON
ELECTRON, ION, AND PHOTON BEAM TECHNOLOGY AND NANOFABRICATION
- Orlando, United States
Duration: 31 May 20172 Jun 2017
Conference number: 2017
http://eipbn.org/2017/

Conference

ConferenceTHE 61ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON
ELECTRON, ION, AND PHOTON BEAM TECHNOLOGY AND NANOFABRICATION
Abbreviated titleEIPBN
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period31/05/172/06/17
Internet address

    Research areas

  • Electromagnetic actuator, microfluidic mixer, PDMS, lab-on-chip

ID: 35802228