The mitigation of climate change implies the increasing use of variable renewable energy sources. Energy storage and transport solutions will contribute to ensure the stability, reliability and flexibility of the energy systems. Ammonia is a well-known chemical of formula NH3 and, amongst other electrofuels, a promising energy carrier and carbon-free combustible fuel. There-fore, it is of significant interest to study ammonia combustion systems. The present investiga-tion focusses on premixed ammonia/hydrogen/air combustion to assess stability ranges, perfor-mance and pollutant emissions by means of a systematic parametric study, in the purpose of optimization in the case of a current spark-ignition engine. Gaseous ammonia blends with a wide range of hydrogen fuel fractions and equivalence ratio were tested at two different loads. Results show a power output and indicated efficiency benefit of low H2 enrichment for slightly rich and slightly lean mixtures, respectively. Hydrogen is therefore mainly an ignition promoter, rather than a global combustion promoter assumedly due to high thermal losses. A small amount of H2, along with supercharged operation greatly improves the performances of the engine and its stability, thus rendering NH3 a very suitable fuel for SI-engines in case of in-situ H2 gener-ation. Hydrogen also mitigates unburned NH3 emissions, yet not sufficiently but those could be combined with the evenly elevated NOx emissions in dedicated selective catalytic reduction systems.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication11th Mediterranean Combustion Symposium
Place of PublicationTenerife, Spain
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2019
EventMediterranean Combustion Symposium - Tenerife, Spain
Duration: 16 Jun 201920 Jun 2019
Conference number: 11


ConferenceMediterranean Combustion Symposium
Abbreviated titleMCS
Internet address

ID: 49492149