ZNF335 plays an essential role in neurogenesis and biallelic variants in ZNF335 have been identified as the cause of severe primary autosomal recessive microcephaly in two unrelated families. We describe herein two additional affected individuals with biallelic ZNF335 variants, one individual with a homozygous c.1399T>C, p.(Cys467Arg) variant, and a second individual with compound heterozygous c.2171_2173delTCT, p.(Phe724del) and c.3998A>G, p.(Glu1333Gly) variants in ZNF335; with the latter variant predicted to affect splicing. Whereas the first case presented with early death and a severe phenotype characterized by anterior agyria with prominent extra-axial spaces, absent basal ganglia, and hypoplasia of the brainstem and cerebellum, the second case had a milder clinical presentation with hypomyelination and otherwise preserved brain structures on MRI. Our findings expand the clinical spectrum of ZNF335 associated microcephaly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-251
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Genetics
Issue number2
Early online date13 Apr 2018
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

    Research areas

  • basal ganglia, microcephaly, neurodegeneration, neurogenesis, ZNF335

ID: 37371741