RESEARCH QUESTION: Progesterone overproduction during ovarian stimulation is associated with lower live birth rates (LBR) after fresh embryo transfer. Therefore, circulating P concentrations on the day of HCG administration are frequently measured in clinical practice and followed by an elective cryopreservation strategy whenever late-follicular elevated P (LFEP) occurs. A recent study concluded that the duration of LFEP >1.00 ng/mL prior to HCG administration may also affect clinical pregnancy rates. The objective of this current study was to assess whether this hypothesis was reproducible using LBR as the primary outcome.

DESIGN: Retrospective analysis including women undergoing IVF/ICSI between 2010-2015. LBR were compared among different P elevation duration subgroups (0, 1 or >1 day) using two LFEP thresholds (>1.00 ng/mL and >1.50 ng/mL).

RESULTS: The duration of LFEP >1.00 ng/mL was not associated with a significant decrease in LBR according to whether the patient had LFEP lasting for 0, 1 or >1 days (29.9%, 30.3% and 26.3%, respectively). Conversely, when using >1.50 ng/mL as the LFEP threshold, LBR decreased significantly (30.3% 20.4% and 20.5%, respectively). However, the relative frequency of having LFEP >1.50 ng/mL for >1 day was exceedingly rare (1.9%) and the additional benefit of evaluating LFEP beyond the day of HCG triggering no longer remained statistically significant after confounder-adjustment with multivariable regression analysis.

CONCLUSION: These results suggest a lack of benefit in measuring serum P in the days preceding HCG administration, since LBR in women with LFEP >1 day do not vary significantly from those with LFEP detected only on the day of HCG administration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)647-654
Number of pages8
JournalReproductive BioMedicine Online
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

    Research areas

  • Assisted reproduction, IVF/ICSI outcome, Ovarian stimulation, Progesterone

ID: 46325541