This paper presents a mathematical linear expansion model for the probabilistic Multistage Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) Placement (MPP) in which zero-injection buses (ZIBs), as well as communication channel limitations, are taken into consideration. From the linearization perspective, presenting a model formulizing the probabilistic concept of observability while modelling the ZIB
is of great significance, and has been done in this paper for the first time. More importantly, the proposed probabilistic MPP utilizes a technique disregarding the prevalent subsidiary optimizations for each planning stage. Although this technique, in turn, increases the problem complexity with
manifold variables, it guarantees the global optimal solution in a wider and thorough search space; while in the prevalent methods, some parts of the search space might be missed. Furthermore, the proposed model indicates more realistic aspects of the MPP where system operators are allowed to follow their intention about the importance of buses such as strategic ones based on monitoring the
priority principles. In addition, the model is capable of considering the network topology changes due to long-term expansions over the planning horizon. Finally, in order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed formulation, the model is conducted on the IEEE 57-bus standard test system and the large scale 2383-bus Polish power system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-17
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2018

ID: 38040959