We report on a systematic study involving columns with a clearly different efficiency (4 distinct quality groups) obtained by packing the columns that were C-18 bonded and endcapped with a different carbon loading. Using B-term analysis (via peak parking) and theoretical models to estimate the magnitude of the C-m- and C-s-term contributions, it could be concluded that the difference in efficiency among the groups was entirely due to a difference in eddy dispersion. As such, the columns provided an ideal testing ground to verify how well the total pore blocking (TPB)-method can be used to probe differences in packing heterogeneity. In agreement with earlier literature observations, it turns out the TPB-method is much more sensitive to packing heterogeneities than the eddy dispersion (H-eddy)-contribution measured under open-pore conditions via B- and C- term subtraction. Typically, differences in Heddy on the order of 0.1-0.5 mu m translate into a difference on the order of 0.5-2 mu m in the TPB mode. This confirms the TPB as a powerful technique to make very sensitive measurements of the homogeneity of packed beds. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-62
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2018

    Research areas

  • C18 surface coverage, Eddy dispersion, Longitudinal diffusion, Packing quality, Retention, Total pore blocking

ID: 44371955