• Mohammad Samiei
  • Elham Ahmadian
  • Aziz Eftekhari
  • Mohammad Ali Eghbal
  • Fereshte Rezaie
  • Mathieu Vinken

The oral cavity and its appendices are exposed to considerable environmental and mechanical stress. Cell junctions play a pivotal role in this context. Among those, gap junctions permit the exchange of compounds between cells, thereby controlling processes such as cell growth and differentiation. Tight junctions restrict paracellular transportation and inhibit movement of integral membrane proteins between the different plasma membrane poles. Adherens junctions attach cells one to another and provide a solid backbone for resisting to mechanistical stress. The integrity of oral mucosa, normal tooth development and saliva secretion depend on the proper function of all these types of cell junctions. Furthermore, deregulation of junctional proteins and/or mutations in their genes can alter tissue functioning and may result in various human disorders, including dental and periodontal problems, salivary gland malfunction, hereditary and infectious diseases as well as tumorigenesis. The present manuscript reviews the role of cell junctions in the (patho)physiology of the oral cavity and its appendices, including salivary glands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-330
Number of pages14
JournalEXCLI Journal
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2019

    Research areas

  • Anchoring junction, Gap junction, Oral disease, Oral health, Tight junction

ID: 45854870