Offshore wind turbines are subjected to cyclic loads from wind and waves, ultimately resulting in a fatigue-driven design. These cyclic loads result in cyclic shell forces above the bolted ring flange and ultimately into the cyclic loading of the bolt tension forces. To model the transfer of the shell forces into the bolt, Load Transfer Functions (LTF) are used, of which the tri-linear function according Schmidt/Neuper is the most known approximation but more contemporary approaches exist. As the LTF has a significant impact on the estimated fatigue lifetime of the bolt, it is relevant to investigate the accuracy of the currently used LTF.
Original languageEnglish
Article number106361
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

ID: 54042136