Background:For assessing the desirability and feasibility of major transport projects decision makers often recur toex-ante evaluation methods such as cost-benefit analysis or multi-criteria analysis. In these methods projects areevaluated for their impacts on the welfare of society as one indivisible entity. The use of these methods is limitedfor assessing socio-spatial equity, as costs and benefits of transport are unequally spread over space and society.Moreover, in projects that cross political borders these methods poorly represent the spatially differentiatedinterests of the decision makers.Methods:This article proposes a novel evaluation approach, applied in a study on the possible demolition of amotorway linking the three Belgian regions of Brussels, Flanders and Wallonia.Results:The application demonstrates how the social and spatial differentiation of effects can be evaluated,allowing to differentiate impacts for crucial stakeholders or criteria, but also to aggregate evaluation results in caseswhere pursuing supra-local or common interests is appropriate.Conclusions:Whether and where decision making in transport should follow utilitarian or egalitarian distributiveprinciples depends on context and political considerations. The presented approach allows decision makers toapply both principles where they are deemed appropriate, transparently, in a single project.
Original languageEnglish
Article number38
JournalEuropean Transport Research Review
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2020

ID: 52093375