When foreign national prisoners don’t possess a residence permit or lose theirs due to their conviction, they are subjected to immigration control. In Belgium and the Netherlands, the deportation of those persons, who are often referred to in political debate and media coverage as ‘illegal criminals’, is politically considered a main priority. However, not every deportation order can be executed directly from prison. Therefore, ‘released’ prisoners are often transferred to immigration detention centres, where they have to undergo an additional, administrative detention period regulated by immigration law. Turnbull & Hasselberg (2017) encouraged criminologists to study these ‘carceral trajectories’ and associated lived experiences of ex-prisoners transferred to immigration detention centres in detail. In this paper, I will examine their confinement ‘between crime and immigration control’ relying on ethnographic research carried out in a Dutch and two Belgian immigration detention centres. I will specifically focus on their views on the (il)legitimacy of their detention and expulsion. I will show how these experiences of (il)legitimacy are closely related to the nature of administrative decision-making in the sphere of immigration law, given that far less protective procedural safeguards are in place compared to the sphere of criminal law.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusUnpublished - 19 Sep 2019
EventEuropean Society of Criminology Conference 2019 - University of Ghent, Ghent, Belgium
Duration: 18 Sep 201921 Sep 2019


ConferenceEuropean Society of Criminology Conference 2019

ID: 47345955