Since the turn of the millennium Europe has witnessed the increasing politicization of ritual slaughter according to Jewish and Islamic rites. Over ten European countries have legally intervened with the practice or are heavily debating such intervention. In this same period animal welfare and environmental concerns have matured into political questions that forcefully influence the European political agenda. While academia has extensively studied the relations between gender, sexuality, race and multiculturalism in the past decades, there is little attention to the ways in which animal ethics may figure in the dynamics between these sociopolitical categories. This paper fills that gap by taking the debate on ritual slaughter in Belgium as a case study.

As such, this paper makes three contributions to the study of race and religion: firstly it shows the dis/connections between anti-Semitism and Islamophobia with regards to ritual slaughter, secondly it demonstrates that religion-based racism may be mediated through animal ethics, next to gender and sexuality; and thirdly it reveals possible connections between colonialism and anti-Semitism by laying bare the entanglements of animal ethics and racialization then and now.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEurope’s Past, Present, and Future: Utopias and Dystopias
Subtitle of host publication27th International Conference of Europeanists
Publication statusUnpublished - 23 Jun 2020

ID: 49942213