Microaspiration of bacteriologically contaminated oropharyngeal secretions alongside the cuff of an endotracheal tube (ETT) is a key mechanism for development of ventilator-associated pneumonia. We have constructed a prototype double-cuffed ETT equipped with a supplemental port in-between the cuffs through which continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is delivered. Pressure in the intercuff space propels secretions upwards and produces 100% tracheal sealing in an in vitro model. We conducted a 24 h study to investigate the sealing effect of this ETT in 12 critically ill mechanically ventilated patients. Methylene blue, instilled through a bronchoscope on top of the proximal cuff, was used as leakage tracer. Fiberoptic visualisation of the trachea was performed 1 h and 24 h thereafter. Leakage was confirmed if blue dye was detected on the tracheal mucosa beyond the tip of the ETT. In no patient, dye passed by the cuffs during the study period. Presence of the ETT did not interfere with ventilator settings, patient mobilization, physiotherapy, and technical acts. Overall, pressures in the intercuff space remained between 10 and 15 cmH2O. Excessive pressure swings were swiftly corrected by the CPAP system. A double-cuffed ETT, offering "pressurized sealing" of the trachea, safely and effectively prevented leakage during 24 h mechanical ventilation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-148
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Anesthesia
Volume34
Issue number1
Early online date5 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

    Research areas

  • Critically ill, Cuff, Double-cuffed, Endotracheal tube, Leakage, Mechanical ventilation, Microaspiration, Ventilator-associated pneumonia

ID: 48164020