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A Smartphone App to promote an active lifestyle in lower-educated working young adults: development, usability, acceptability, and feasibility study. / Simons, Dorien; De Bourdeaudhuij, I.; Clarys, Peter; De Cocker, Katrien; Vandelanotte, Corneel; Deforche, Benedicte.

In: JMIR mHealth and uHealth, Vol. 6, No. 2, e44, 20.02.2018.

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Simons, Dorien ; De Bourdeaudhuij, I. ; Clarys, Peter ; De Cocker, Katrien ; Vandelanotte, Corneel ; Deforche, Benedicte. / A Smartphone App to promote an active lifestyle in lower-educated working young adults: development, usability, acceptability, and feasibility study. In: JMIR mHealth and uHealth. 2018 ; Vol. 6, No. 2.

BibTeX

@article{2055d05e04504423a9b7812ad11d50a3,
title = "A Smartphone App to promote an active lifestyle in lower-educated working young adults: development, usability, acceptability, and feasibility study",
abstract = "Background: Physical activity (PA) levels are problematic in lower-educated working young adults (18-26 years). To promote PA, smartphone apps have great potential, but there is no evidence for their effectiveness in this population. To increase the likelihood that a newly developed app will be effective, formative research and user testing are required. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the development, usability, acceptability, and feasibility of a new theory-and evidence-based smartphone app to promote an active lifestyle in lower-educated working young adults. Methods: The new app was developed by applying 4 steps. First, determinants important to promote an active lifestyle in this population were selected. Second, evidence-based behavior change techniques were selected to convert the determinants into practical applications. Third, a new smartphone app was developed. Fourth, volunteers (n=11, both lower and higher educated) tested the app on usability, and lower-educated working young adults (n=16) tested its acceptability and feasibility via (think aloud) interviews, a questionnaire, and Google Analytics. The app was accordingly adapted for the final version. Results: A new Android app, Active Coach, was developed that focused on knowledge, attitude, social support, and self-efficacy (based on outcomes from step 1), and that applied self-regulation techniques (based on outcomes from step 2). The app consists of a 9-week program with personal goals, practical tips, and scientific facts to encourage an active lifestyle. To ensure all-day and automatic self-monitoring of the activity behavior, the Active Coach app works in combination with a wearable activity tracker, the Fitbit Charge. Issues detected by the usability test (eg, text errors, wrong messages) were all fixed. The acceptability and feasibility test showed that participants found the app clear, understandable, and motivating, although some aspects needed to be more personal. Conclusions: By applying a stepwise, user-centered approach that regularly consulted the target group, the new app is adapted to their specific needs and preferences. The Active Coach app was overall positively evaluated by the lower-educated working young adults at the end of the development process.",
keywords = "A Smartphone App to promote an active lifestyle in lower-educated working young adults: development, usability, acceptability, and feasibility study, Active transport, Physical activity, Health promotion, Young adult, mHealth, Mobile applications",
author = "Dorien Simons and {De Bourdeaudhuij}, I. and Peter Clarys and {De Cocker}, Katrien and Corneel Vandelanotte and Benedicte Deforche",
note = "{\circledC}Dorien Simons, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Peter Clarys, Katrien De Cocker, Corneel Vandelanotte, Benedicte Deforche. Originally published in JMIR Mhealth and Uhealth (http://mhealth.jmir.org), 20.02.2018.",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "20",
doi = "10.2196/mhealth.8287",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "JMIR mHealth and uHealth",
issn = "2291-5222",
publisher = "JMIR Publications",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Smartphone App to promote an active lifestyle in lower-educated working young adults: development, usability, acceptability, and feasibility study

AU - Simons, Dorien

AU - De Bourdeaudhuij, I.

AU - Clarys, Peter

AU - De Cocker, Katrien

AU - Vandelanotte, Corneel

AU - Deforche, Benedicte

N1 - ©Dorien Simons, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Peter Clarys, Katrien De Cocker, Corneel Vandelanotte, Benedicte Deforche. Originally published in JMIR Mhealth and Uhealth (http://mhealth.jmir.org), 20.02.2018.

PY - 2018/2/20

Y1 - 2018/2/20

N2 - Background: Physical activity (PA) levels are problematic in lower-educated working young adults (18-26 years). To promote PA, smartphone apps have great potential, but there is no evidence for their effectiveness in this population. To increase the likelihood that a newly developed app will be effective, formative research and user testing are required. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the development, usability, acceptability, and feasibility of a new theory-and evidence-based smartphone app to promote an active lifestyle in lower-educated working young adults. Methods: The new app was developed by applying 4 steps. First, determinants important to promote an active lifestyle in this population were selected. Second, evidence-based behavior change techniques were selected to convert the determinants into practical applications. Third, a new smartphone app was developed. Fourth, volunteers (n=11, both lower and higher educated) tested the app on usability, and lower-educated working young adults (n=16) tested its acceptability and feasibility via (think aloud) interviews, a questionnaire, and Google Analytics. The app was accordingly adapted for the final version. Results: A new Android app, Active Coach, was developed that focused on knowledge, attitude, social support, and self-efficacy (based on outcomes from step 1), and that applied self-regulation techniques (based on outcomes from step 2). The app consists of a 9-week program with personal goals, practical tips, and scientific facts to encourage an active lifestyle. To ensure all-day and automatic self-monitoring of the activity behavior, the Active Coach app works in combination with a wearable activity tracker, the Fitbit Charge. Issues detected by the usability test (eg, text errors, wrong messages) were all fixed. The acceptability and feasibility test showed that participants found the app clear, understandable, and motivating, although some aspects needed to be more personal. Conclusions: By applying a stepwise, user-centered approach that regularly consulted the target group, the new app is adapted to their specific needs and preferences. The Active Coach app was overall positively evaluated by the lower-educated working young adults at the end of the development process.

AB - Background: Physical activity (PA) levels are problematic in lower-educated working young adults (18-26 years). To promote PA, smartphone apps have great potential, but there is no evidence for their effectiveness in this population. To increase the likelihood that a newly developed app will be effective, formative research and user testing are required. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the development, usability, acceptability, and feasibility of a new theory-and evidence-based smartphone app to promote an active lifestyle in lower-educated working young adults. Methods: The new app was developed by applying 4 steps. First, determinants important to promote an active lifestyle in this population were selected. Second, evidence-based behavior change techniques were selected to convert the determinants into practical applications. Third, a new smartphone app was developed. Fourth, volunteers (n=11, both lower and higher educated) tested the app on usability, and lower-educated working young adults (n=16) tested its acceptability and feasibility via (think aloud) interviews, a questionnaire, and Google Analytics. The app was accordingly adapted for the final version. Results: A new Android app, Active Coach, was developed that focused on knowledge, attitude, social support, and self-efficacy (based on outcomes from step 1), and that applied self-regulation techniques (based on outcomes from step 2). The app consists of a 9-week program with personal goals, practical tips, and scientific facts to encourage an active lifestyle. To ensure all-day and automatic self-monitoring of the activity behavior, the Active Coach app works in combination with a wearable activity tracker, the Fitbit Charge. Issues detected by the usability test (eg, text errors, wrong messages) were all fixed. The acceptability and feasibility test showed that participants found the app clear, understandable, and motivating, although some aspects needed to be more personal. Conclusions: By applying a stepwise, user-centered approach that regularly consulted the target group, the new app is adapted to their specific needs and preferences. The Active Coach app was overall positively evaluated by the lower-educated working young adults at the end of the development process.

KW - A Smartphone App to promote an active lifestyle in lower-educated working young adults: development, usability, acceptability, and feasibility study

KW - Active transport

KW - Physical activity

KW - Health promotion

KW - Young adult

KW - mHealth

KW - Mobile applications

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85048216433&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2196/mhealth.8287

DO - 10.2196/mhealth.8287

M3 - Article

VL - 6

JO - JMIR mHealth and uHealth

JF - JMIR mHealth and uHealth

SN - 2291-5222

IS - 2

M1 - e44

ER -

ID: 36650706