Growing-up milks (GUM) are milk-based drinks with low protein and added minerals and vitamins intended for children 12-36 months. Since the advantages of GUM are heavily debated, we reviewed the literature. A literature search was done using the classic databases (Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane) on the use of GUM in 12- to 36-month-old young children. Only limited data are available. GUM have a highly variable composition as their marketing is not regulated. Nevertheless, all papers conclude that GUM help to cover nutritional requirements of 12- to 36-month-old infants. Conclusion: Appropriate intakes of macro- and micronutrients in 1- to 3-year-old children have long-term health benefits. Present diets offered to toddlers do in general not meet the requirements. Supplemented foods are therefore helpful, of which GUM is a possibility.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1365-1371
Number of pages7
JournalEur J Pediatr
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2014

    Research areas

  • Growing-upmilks (GUM);, European Food Safety Authority, Toddlers, Population Reference Intake

ID: 2534671