Since elaborating the "Pentecostal-plan" in 1990, the Belgian federal government has taken several initiatives to restore the confidence of the population in the criminal justice system and to limit the (subjective) feelings of insecurity. These initiatives however were often taken without prior studies, in a scattered way, with insufficient attuning between the Ministries (mainly Justice and Interior) or with the professionals on the field. The actual research proposal aims to analyse, sustain and valorize the long-term policy plans of the Ministries of Justice and Interior. Two fundamental questions are at the center of our concerns:1° How coherent is the policy which was developed recently?2° How is policy translated into practice by the professionals on the field?Building upon the scientific expertise of the research partners with the functioning of the criminal justice system, several sticking points are expected, which concentrate around six issues:1. How coherent are these measures within the respective areas of policing and penal policy? 2. Are fundamental legal principles sufficiently guaranteed?3. Which particular characteristics or problems in the field hamper an efficient implementation of these measures'?4. Are policing and penal policy sufficiently attuned to each other?5. Do these measures contribute to a better social integration of vulnerable groups?6. Do these measures result in a higher confidence of the citizen in the police and the criminal justice system'?These six issues are relevant for both policing and penal policy. Based on actual expertise, some aspects will be stressed more at police level, others at judicial level.A. At police level, emphasis will be on:1° The impact of policy on the confidence of the public in the (innovating) police functioning and in the measures taken: evaluation of the perception by the public of the aims pursued through the security contracts, the police reorganizations, the avoidance of social excclusion.2° The impact of policy on the functioning and organization of the police itself: does police agree with the official aims, which resistances and sticking points arize during local implementation?3 ° Are the newly developed instruments of police registration and crime-analysis useful in evaluating the current policy'?B. At judicial level, emphasis will be on:1° The internal consistency of the penal policy.2° Problems relating to fundamental legal principles, following the increased possibilities for the public prosecutor to settle cases and the acceleration of the procedure.3° The implementation of policy into practice by the professionals: interactions, hampering factors.4° Social integration or social exclusion: increasing dualism in penal policy, involving increasing additional social exclusion of some categories of citizens.5° Re-establishment of public confidence in the criminal justice system.6° A coherent integration- and security policy: which knowledge is needed to elaborate a consistent integration- and security policy and to put it into practice?Studv of these issues, both theoretically and empirically, should allow to conclude the research with proposals for the future improvement of policy and its implementation. Results of the research will therefore he compared to research and policy in other countries of the European Community.
Effective start/end date1/01/9631/03/00

    Flemish discipline codes

  • Law and legal studies

    Research areas

  • law, criminology

ID: 2801871