Maeva Philippot - Speaker

Elixabete Ayerbe - Contributor

Erik Hoedemaekers - Contributor

Joeri Van Mierlo - Contributor

Maarten Messagie - Contributor

Mining and refining activities are known to have an impact on water quality. The number of different metals and the quantity present in a lithium-ion battery raises questions on the impact on water footprint of the manufacturing of an electric vehicle. This life cycle assessment study therefore assesses the impact on water quality (eutrophication, toxicity and acidification) and on water scarcity of the manufacturing of a NCA traction battery. This paper presents a cradle-to-gate study that also focuses on the influence of impact assessment methods on water scarcity results.
The impact on freshwater eutrophication and ecotoxicity is driven by the presence of precious metal in the electronic components of the module housing. The impact on water scarcity is between 28 m3 and 1800 m3 per pack, depending on the method used for the assessment. The direct use of water during the cell manufacturing is the main contributor to water scarcity for five out of six impact assessment methods. Ecoscarcity 2013 method shows a result slightly different than the other impact assessment methods due to the high relative difference in the characterization factors for countries with different hydrologic profiles. This finding raises the question of the use of global datasets from generic databases for water footprint assessment.
19 May 2019

Event (Conference)

Title32nd International electric vehicle symposium & exhibition EVS32
Period19/05/1922/05/19
Web address (URL)
LocationLyon, France
CityLyon
CountryFrance
Degree of recognitionInternational event

ID: 46858343