Eva Marie Koch - Speaker

Alexis Housen - Contributor

Aline Godfroid - Contributor

Johanna de Vos - Contributor

Kristin Lemhöfer - Contributor

Despite the widespread practice of second language acquisition (SLA) in linguistic immersion contexts, we have restricted knowledge about the mechanisms underlying uninstructed SLA, as well as its effects on knowledge development. In the present study, we investigated the acquisition of verb-stem allomorphy in German strong verbs in a communicative, yet controlled context and compared learning outcomes under implicit and explicit instruction conditions.
We used a conversational learning task that consisted of a simulated dialogue situation, enabling us to maintain experimental control while introducing a certain degree of naturalness in our design. We compared the learning outcomes of Dutch native speakers who were advanced learners of German in an implicit (n = 10) and an explicit (n = 10) instruction condition. In the implicit condition, a cover story was used to conceal the study’s goals. Attention was guided towards meaning, and no rules were presented to the learners in the hope that they would learn the linguistic target structure without intending to or even without being aware of the structure. In the explicit condition, participants received identical instructions, but in addition to this, they were informed about the research topic, i.e. learning of the stem-vowel change during conversation. In both conditions, the participant and the experimenter, a balanced Dutch-German bilingual speaker, engaged in a dialogue and produced, in turn, sentences based on a series of pictures which contained a verb which did or did not require a change of its stem vowel in the third person of the singular in present tense. Learning was measured by comparing the participants’ production of vowel-changing verbs before and after listening to the experimenter produce sentences containing target-like verb forms. In order to assess whether the learning process was implicit, incidental or explicit, we used a retrospective interview to debrief the participants about their awareness of the study’s intentions and of the target structure.
23 Feb 2017

Event (Workshop)

TitleWerkgroep Over Taal
Abbrev. TitleWOT
Period23/02/17 → …

ID: 47441871